The EdTech landscape in India is gaining momentum, and in 2017, India saw the third-highest investment in EdTech at $398 million, behind the US at $5.5 billion and China at $1.7 billion. Against the backdrop of India’s digital revolution, there is a huge opportunity to use technological solutions to transform traditional learning practices and leapfrog the learning crisis.

The Indian online education market is expected to grow to



by 2021

In 2018, Indian EdTech
start-ups received close to



in funding

Paid EdTech subscribers
are projected to rise to


by 2021

Several state governments in India have already made pioneering efforts to adopt EdTech for education. The Andhra Pradesh government has adopted Personalized Adaptive Learning (PAL) solutions and plans to scale these to over 3,000 schools in the state. In Gujarat, the government aims to implement smart classrooms in over 31,600 schools, covering 3,000 classrooms and 2 lakh students, for classes 5-8.

Edtech: A Way To Leapfrog India’s Learning Crisis

However, the deployment of EdTech remains sporadic and concentrated in specific geographies. While a vibrant for-profit EdTech ecosystem exists to cater to the middle- and high-income segments, there is limited availability of vernacular products catering to the low-income segments. Additionally, there is lack of sufficient evidence on the quality, usability and efficacy of EdTech products. This becomes a big impediment for decision-makers, including state governments, to procure appropriate EdTech solutions.

Keeping these challenges in mind, in 2018, CSF launched the EdTech Lab initiative to:


Identify and build evidence around the efficacy of  existing EdTech solutions in India


Contextualize and create a pathway for scale-up of promising solutions in government school and low-income segments

To achieve this aim, the EdTech Lab has been conceptualized as a staged process of evaluation :


Identification of
the Cohort:

Classes K-8. Subjects: Hindi and Mathematics. Delivery Models: In- School(Personalized Adaptive Learning, Digital Classroom) and At-Home (Student-led)



12 shortlisted solutions to undergo quick, qualitative evaluations, expert reviews on product and pedagogy, and analysis of existing usage data via a comprehensive evaluation toolkit


Contextualization for Implementation:

High-performing EdTech solutions to get contextualized for state implementation, which includes receiving support for language translations, localization of content, and bridging interface and platform gaps for products


Pilots and

Contextualized solutions to be implemented in ‘test beds’, i.e., 50-100 school pilots designed to arrive at a scale-ready, sustainable and impactful model of implementation


Scale Up:

Proven EdTech solutions to scale-up to a large number of schools in the state by the government and/or other stakeholders using the scale-ready implementation model

In July 2019, we concluded the rapid evaluations for the first, flagship cohort of EdTech Lab. The insights generated from the rapid evaluations of the 12 shortlisted EdTech solutions have been captured in the 2019 EdTech Lab report. The report also highlights opportunities for researchers, funders, product companies and implementers to strengthen the footprint of EdTech in India.

The EdTech Lab series - July 2019



Staff members and students surveyed


Schools covered in product database


Students' data analyzed

Currently, CSF is supporting the contextualization of a few solutions from the first cohort in Andhra Pradesh, where the government has displayed a willingness to scale Personalized Adaptive Learning solutions. These contextualized solutions will undergo more rigorous evaluations to establish their impact on student learning outcomes.

Edtech Lab: Building Evidence To Make Edtech Accessible For All

Stay tuned for updates on the launch of EdTech Lab Cohort 2!


The EdTech Lab Series