Why is Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) important?

Today, nearly 97% of children in the age group of 6 to 14 years are going to school in India. Yet, they are not learning adequately.  

Every year, an estimated 6 million children complete 8 years of compulsory schooling in the country with alarmingly low learning levels

This learning crisis starts early, with more than half of these children unable to read simple text or do math by as early as grade 3

CSF has been working with key partner states to co-design and deliver a program that can boost foundational learning at scale across India.

The #FoundationHaiSahi campaign aims at capturing the progress made by states so far, highlighting the work being done at the ground level, initiatives being introduced, and outcomes being achieved on foundational learning.

A Glimpse of Our Work on the Ground

Buniyaad | A Film on the Foundational Learning Crisis in India

The education system in India is one of the largest in the world. Yet, children are not learning despite attending school. This learning crisis starts early, with challenges surrounding their foundational literacy and numeracy (FLN).


Watch this documentary to learn more about the FLN crisis and how related challenges were exacerbated due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The film also captures the different policy and structural changes that have been introduced by the State to bridge this learning gap, including the NIPUN Bharat Mission.


This film has been made by young filmmakers from Celluloid Film Society, Miranda House under Ciné Impact Film Fellowship run by The Hyphen and supported by Central Square Foundation.

To know more about Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

Download Our FLN Factsheet

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Learn more about FLN